CMH VS LED Grow Lights: Which Is Best?

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CMH VS LED Grow Lights Which Is Best

Grow lights have been updated to ultra-efficient dimmable and spectrally adjustable LED and CMH grow lights. LEDs offer tunable spectra. CMHs mimic the sun and offer effective UV wavelengths that can strengthen plants against mold and encourage greater resin and terpene production. So, which is better, CMH or LED grow lights?

What are CMH grow lights?

What are CMH grow lights?

Ceramic metal halide(CMH), also known as ceramic discharge metal halide (CDM) or light emitting ceramics (LECs). CMH lights are low wattage and cover a large area. They entered the market to replace HPS and MH lamps. The biggest difference between CMH and MH lamps is that the arc tube material of CMH is made of ceramic – similar to the material used in HPS fixtures. Compared to the quartz glass used in MH lights, this material is more stable, more resistant to corrosive salts, and able to tolerate higher temperatures.

CMH fixtures produce a balanced full spectrum, including some UV and IR light. This can increase your plants’ ability to combat mold.

What are LED grow lights?

What are LED grow lights?

LEDs work very differently from CMH lamps. Instead of using one long bulb like CMH, LED grow lights are made up of many tiny diodes. Each of these diodes is a set of specific light spectra. LEDs can mix different diodes to produce specific colors.

Some LEDs come in bars, which are ideal for growing in rows, such as growing flowers, vegetables, and fruits in a greenhouse. For growers looking for a more even light distribution and greater coverage, growers could use different wattage of panels.

What are the differences between CMH and LED grow lights?

What are the differences between CMH and LED grow lights?

Spectrum

Plants require different spectra at various growth stages. For example, blue light plays a key role in the vegetative stage, while red light is vital for flowering and fruiting.

CMH lights produce UV and IR light, which is very helpful in fighting pathogens like mold, as well as some pests. When you want red or blue light, you have to change the bulb of the CMH grow light. Of course, this increases the cost.

LED grow lights have evolved to adjustable full-spectrum light, you can switch to red or blue light according to the different growth stages of the plant without changing the bulb, which is very convenient.  In addition, LED full spectrum grow lights have a relatively high color rendering index (CRI), which creates a pleasant working environment and makes it easier to assess the health of your plants.

Heat

Since CMH lights produce more heat, cooling equipment such as fans or air conditioners is necessary to prevent the growing space from overheating. Otherwise, it may cause heat stress, plant burns, and even death. In addition, CMH lights should be placed away from plants.

In contrast, LED grow lights do not emit much heat, they can be placed close to plants, and the fire hazard is lower.

Canopy penetration

Canopy penetration is the ability to penetrate the lower part of the crop. Plants require light at all levels to develop well.

If you are growing tall plants with lots of foliage, you will need a plant lamp that can effectively penetrate the canopy to reach the lower leaves of your crops. Typically, CMHs have higher penetration due to their higher wattage ratings.

However, LEDs can also do that because they can be positioned between the canopies and mounted both vertically and horizontally to allow light to reach every area of the canopy. Furthermore, integrated optics on some LED lights’ diodes can significantly improve their penetration capacities.

Ease of Use

LED grow lights are incredibly user-friendly. By adjusting a button, you can alter the spectrum and dim the light. And you don’t need to replace the bulbs in different growth stages. Beginners prefer CMH grow lights because of the ease of use. Growers must, however, exert a bit more work because the bulbs need to be changed out at a different growth stage.

CMH VS LED Grow Lights:final thoughts

The kind of grow light you select will also depend on your cultivating plants. Foliage producers can benefit from CMH grow lights since they can generate full-spectrum light, which includes a significant amount of blue wavelength. For flowering and fruiting plants, LED grow lights are a wonderful option because you can alter the spectrum to create a lot of red light.

All in all, both LED and CMH grow lights are beneficial for your crops. In general, CMH grow lights are an excellent tool for novices to start growing indoors, whereas LED grow lights can be more appropriate for more seasoned producers. But whichever fixture you choose for your plants, the results will be nutritious harvests. If you are looking for LED grow lights, look no further than us!

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Anne Zhang

Anne Zhang

Anne is a senior electronics engineer at Casyoo, a professional LED Lighting solutions manufacturer. With 10+ years of experience in the LED grow lighting industry, she aims to help growers and researchers around the world get a better understanding of LED grow light technology so as to increase their crop yields.
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